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Clinical Outcomes Metrics

CareConnections Clinical Outcomes Reports include the metrics shown below for Functional Improvement, Decrease in Pain, Visits, Acuity, and Work Days Lost. Each report includes a variety of filters to customize the data into relevant measures for your practice. Listed below measure descriptions are links to samples that include a brief description and available filter options for each report.

Quarterly Reports:

Functional Improvement Report
Decrease in Pain
Visits/Acuity/Work Days Lost

Sample Reports:

Overview Report
Profile Report
Demographic Report
Category Report
Self-Discharge Report
Function Question Report


Quarterly Outcomes Reports

Functional Improvement

  • Average Change (Avg Chg) - Shows the average (mean) change in function for selected category. Functional change is represented by the actual number of points moved on the CareConnections functional index between Evaluation and Discharge visits.
  • 95% Confidence Interval (95% CI) - 95% CI is the measure of certainty the Average Change values are representative of the entire patient population. Adding and subtracting the 95% CI value to and from the Average Change will show you the range of average functional change for your patient episodes. If the 95% CI is high, then the average is potentially not representative of your entire patient population, since it indicates a large variance exists in the data. If the 95% CI is tight to the average shown, then you can be fairly certain that the average is actually representative of your entire patient population. The key to an accurate 95% CI is reporting as many complete cases as possible.
  • Average Intake (Avg Intake) - Shows average (mean) starting function for selected categories
  • Change per Visit (Avg Chg/Visit) - Dividing Avg Chg by Average Visits gives you the functional change per visit. This gives you an idea of average functional progress that can be attributed to each patient visit for the selected report category. If MCID is available for selected report parameters, you can use this value to determine how many visits it takes to attain clinically relevant change.
  • MCID (Minimal Clinically Important Difference) - This value denotes the number of points that must be attained on the CareConnections functional index between initial evaluation and progress point/discharge to be deemed clinically relevant to the patient. This is not statistical improvement, but is rather based on patient perception. We utilize the Global Rating of Change (GRoC) from the end of the Care Connections form to help establish this number. Average Change in function should be compared against MCID values to ensure that significant progress was made.

    MCID is sometimes subdivided into patient groups to help differentiate between groups of patients that require different levels of improvement on the CareConnections Functional Index. For instance, lumbar patients with an acuity average of < 15 days require 22 points of improvement on the CareConnections Functional Index to be considered meaningful, while chronic patients (> 90 days acuity) only need 10 points to be clinically meaningful. This is useful when trying to compare various clinics. You must ensure that patient profiles (acuity, starting function, etc.) are similar between clinics to make a valid comparison. MCID values will be listed directly on some reports while others (like the Overview Report) will be listed together on a page at the end of the report.

    NOTE: Not every combination of reporting categories will have an MCID to reference. As the CareConnections database continues to grow, we will eventually have additional MCID values to add for other combinations of reporting categories.

Decrease in Pain

Includes the same measure options as Functional Improvement. Descriptions under Functional Improvement (above) also apply to Pain.

Visits / Acuity / Work Days Lost

Shows average for indicated value (Visits, Acuity, or Work Days Lost) and 95% Confidence Interval for selected report categories.

Sample Outcomes Reports

Overview Report

Download Overview Report Sample

This is the recommended starting point for generating outcome reports. The overview report contains high-level views of clinic outcomes data and is often beneficial for clinicians who want to view large amounts of data in one report. You may select a Primary and Secondary category, with a full range of values for each category.

The sample report provided shows all Treating Practitioner outcomes (primary category) along with a breakdown of outcomes by problem area (secondary category) for each practitioner.
Report includes the following measures: Patient Population, Functional Improvement, Decrease in Pain, Visits, Acuity, and Work Days Lost. Categories for the OVERVIEW report include the following selections (Primary Category: Secondary Category):

  • Acuity: Age Range, Starting Function, Surgery
  • Age Range: Starting Function, Acuity, Diagnosis, Problem Area
  • Starting Function: Starting Pain
  • Surgery: Age Range, Starting Function, Starting Pain, Acuity, Diagnosis (top 5), Work Status
  • Diagnosis (top 5): Age Range, Starting Function, Starting Pain, Acuity
  • Problem Area: Starting Function, Starting Pain, Surgery, Acuity
  • Starting Pain: Starting Function
  • Insurance Payer (top 10): Insurance Plan
  • Insurance Type: Age Range, Starting Function, Starting Pain, Surgery, Acuity, Diagnosis (top 5), Problem Area, Work Status
  • Work Status: Age Range, Starting Function, Starting Pain, Acuity, Problem Area
  • Referring Practitioner: Age Range, Starting Function, Starting Pain, Surgery, Acuity, Diagnosis (top 5), Problem Area, Work Status, Insurance Type
  • Treating Practitioner: Age Range, Starting Function, Starting Pain, Surgery, Acuity, Diagnosis (top 5), Problem Area, Work Status, Insurance Type

Profile Report

Download Profile Report Sample

Profile reports are designed to allow clinics to specify more specific parameters to look at combinations of factors in one easy-to-read report. Primary and Secondary categories are required, but category values may be individually selected (for example, if Primary category = Referring Practitioner, clinic can specify value of ALL Referring Practitioners or select one specific practitioner). Secondary category and values follow the same logic as primary.
Report includes the following measures: Patient Population, Functional Improvement, Decrease in Pain, Visits, and graphs for Pain and Function change per visit. Categories for the PROFILE report include the following selections (Primary Category: Secondary Category):

  • Starting Function: Age Range, Starting Pain, Surgery, Acuity, Diagnosis (top 5), Problem Area, Work Status, Insurance Type
  • Surgery: Starting Function, Starting Pain, Acuity, Diagnosis (top 5), Problem Area, Work Status, Insurance Type
  • Diagnosis (top 5): Age Range, Starting Function, Starting Pain, Surgery, Acuity, Work Status
  • Problem Area: Age Range, Starting Function, Starting Pain, Surgery, Acuity
  • Starting Pain: Age Range, Starting Function, Surgery, Acuity, Diagnosis (top 5), Problem Area, Work Status, Insurance Type
  • Insurance Payer (top 10): Insurance Plan
  • Insurance Type: Age Range, Starting Function, Starting Pain, Surgery, Acuity, Diagnosis (top 5), Problem Area, Work Status
  • Work Status: Age Range, Starting Function, Acuity
  • Referring Practitioner: Age Range, Starting Function, Starting Pain, Surgery, Acuity, Diagnosis (top 5), Problem Area, Work Status, Insurance Type
  • Treating Practitioner: Age Range, Starting Function, Starting Pain, Surgery, Acuity, Diagnosis (top 5), Problem Area, Work Status, Insurance Type

Demographic Report

Download Demographic Report Sample

Demographic Reports are designed to view outcomes for a single category and value in a single-page format. For example, this report would show the overall outcome results for a Primary Category selection of "Clinic." It would also be the way to view overall outcomes for a single problem area (i.e. Primary Category = Problem Area, Value = Cervical/Thoracic).

Report includes the following measures: Patient Population, Age, Acuity, Surgery Status, Work Days Lost, Functional Improvement, Decrease in Pain, and Visits. Categories for the DEMOGRAPHIC report include the following Primary Category selections:

  • Acuity
  • Age Range
  • Surgery
  • Diagnosis (top 5)
  • Problem Area
  • Insurance Payer
  • Insurance Plan
  • Insurance Type
  • Referring Practitioner
  • Treating Practitioner
  • Clinic

Category Report

Download Category Report Sample

Category Reports are designed to view outcomes for a single category with all category values in a single report. For example, this report would show outcome results for a Primary Category selection of Acuity, with each Acuity Range displayed as its own report block (i.e. 0-15, 16-30, 31-60, 61-90, Chronic 91-120, Chronic > 120).

Report includes the following measures: Patient Population, Functional Improvement, Decrease in Pain, and Visits. Categories for this report include the following selections:

  • Acuity
  • Age Range
  • Starting Function
  • Surgery
  • Diagnosis (top 5)
  • Problem Area
  • Starting Pain
  • Insurance Type
  • Work Status

Self-Discharge Report

Download Self-Discharge Report Sample

All clinics end up with patients that drop out of treatment prior to discharge by the clinic. The Self-Discharge report shows all self-discharge cases in one report and does not require selection of categories to run. This report includes cases with and without outcomes. Report is rendered to display self-discharge cases by self-discharge reason. The last section of the report shows totals and comparisons for self-discharge (i.e. No Outcomes, Interim Assessments used as discharge, and Complete cases). This gives you a means of identifying how many outcomes cases are lost to self-discharging patients and what impact that may have on overall outcomes in your clinic.

Report includes the following measures: Patient Population, Functional Improvement, Decrease in Pain, Visits, Acuity, and Work Days Lost.

Function Question Report

Download Function Question Report

The Function Question Report is only available to clinics that report individual function question values through the Function Calculator or Patient Kiosk. This report breaks down responses on the CareConnections functional index by individual function question (i.e. Walking, Work, Personal Care, etc.). Report can only be filtered by Problem Area.

Report includes the following measures: Patient Population, Functional Improvement, Visits, and Acuity.